Every day usage of laptops create many hidden temp files\Junk files or cache data which is not required. These files can add up as users generally do not clean it regularly. It is important to clean these files every day. Learn many such tips from our new blog.
The issue of a system running slow is not unknown. However, one needs to take essential steps to ensure that their laptop/desktop is running at an optimum speed in order to save precious time. There are several things that can bring down the performance of a system. This blog discusses the reasons as well as the steps to overcome slow performance.
The steps discussed below need to be performed on a regular basis to ensure optimal performance.
Step 1: Ample System Partition Free Space:
Ensure that system partition (which is normally the c: drive) has ample free space for hidden system activities. The free space in c: drive or system partition should be double that of the RAM size + 1 GB in the laptop/desktop. If it is less it will not allow the system to run efficiently.
Step 2: Ensure Ample RAM Is Installed:
RAM should be appropriate to the usage of the system. If use is for heavy programs the RAM should be more. For 64 bit Operating System there should be at least 6 GB RAM or else the system will not work properly.
Step 3: Install Only One Antivirus Program:
It is important to ensure that “Windows Defender” is disabled in case you are using a dedicated antivirus application, it is also important to avoid installing additional Antivirus or Antimalware software as it slows down the system. Antivirus software also tends to interfere with each other and do not work effectively. Regularly running the antivirus application to scan the laptop for any virus threats is prudent. In addition, it is helpful to the most recent version of the antivirus software.
Step 4: Uninstall Unwanted Software\Freeware:
Having too many software programs on a system will slow the system. Uninstall unwanted software, and freeware which is not in use. Keep only those software programs which are used frequently. When installing a software be mindful for the following two things:
1) Never install an untrusted software
2) Never install a trusted software from an untrusted source
Step 5: Use MSCONFIG to Restrict Startup Services and Programs:
Disable unnecessary startup programs to improve windows boot time. It can be done using Start – Run – msconfig. Click on Services – Hide all Microsoft Services - disable services. These are not required on every boot as it slows down the logon process. Updates can be made manually when it is required.
Now go to Startup and unselect startup programs which are not required. Whenever needed it can be started manually. It will increase the System boot time and decrease the log on time. Now click Apply – OK – Exit without restart.
Step 6: Regularly Clean Temp Files:
Every day usage of laptops create many hidden temp files\Junk files or cache data which is not required. These files can add up as users generally do not clean it regularly. It is important to clean these files every day. Purchased tools are recommended. Windows inbuilt disk cleanup is also a good option. Do not opt for a freeware. Not cleaning these files when needed can lead to t startup delays and delayed reboots. It will take more time than required to display the login screen.
Step 7: Regularly Install Hardware Updates:
Regularly update laptop hardware drivers.
Step 8: Monitor Abnormal Hardware Utilization:
Open Task Manger – Go to Processes and check for any suspected programs which are consuming more CPU and RAM than the normal usage. It might be some kind of malware or unnecessary apps. If one is uncovered, it needs to be reported to an IT Engineer.
Step 9: Install Microsoft Updates Regularly:
Keep installing windows updates regularly. Every month Microsoft releases windows updates that can help fix bugs. It also includes performance improvements. Every day shutdown the computer after work is over. Restart everyday for an efficient working system. Do not hibernate the system for the entire night.
Step 10: Weekly Run Check Disk:
Once a week – Open “cmd” with administrative access and write “chkdsk – f – r” and then press enter button. It will prompt for “y” or “n”. Press “y”. Now restart the laptop.
*Note: Over the time Hard Disk data gets corrupt due to bad or damaged sectors. F- Fixes errors on the disk and R - Locates bad sectors and recovers readable information. It improves performance a lot. By default it is run on c: drive. We should do this for other drives too.
Step 11: System File Verification:
Once in a week - Go to Run – Run command prompt with Administrative Access – write “Sfc /Scannow” and press enter button. Let it run. The sfc /scannow command will scan all protected system files, and replace corrupted files with a cached copy that is located in a compressed folder at %WinDir%\System32\dllcache. The %WinDir% placeholder represents the Windows Operating System folder. For example, C:\Windows.
Note: Do not close this Command Prompt window until the verification is 100% complete. The scan results will be displayed after the scanning is complete. If it says Windows Resource Protection did not find any integrity violations, it means systems files are intact and everything is working fine.
Step 12: Adjust Windows for Best Performance:
Click on start – Right mouse click on My Computer. Now click on Advanced system settings. Go to Advanced Performance Settings. A new window will open. Now click on Adjust for best performance – Apply – OK. It will disable unnecessary animations in windows and speed up the computer performance.
Conclusion: I hope you find the tips outlined in this blog useful. These are simple day to day activities that can be carried out without requiring any additional IT support. In my next blog I am going to discuss more tips around viruses. For any questions on the topic click below: